The 100 most common surnames in Spain (and their meaning)
Jan 20, 2022
Spain is a land rich in tradition and culture that are maintained today, living day to day with the technological vanguards that drive today's society. One of those traditions are surnames from Spain. A combination of all the various regions of the country and the influence from other parts of the world that mixed with it.
- We recommend you read: "50 rare surnames in Spain and Latin America"
What are the most popular Spanish surnames?
In this article we will take an interesting walk through the 100 most common surnames in Spain that show the diversity of its culture and the traditional ones that are still maintained.
It is the most popular surname in Spanish territory, it used to be used as a proper name, it comes from the Basque word 'artz or hartz' which means 'bear'.
It is a surname linked to a physical characteristic of the person, in this case it denotes his thinness or low weight. Later, it was used by his descendants as a surname.
It is of toponymic origin and comes from the town of Alegría de Oria, from where it took its name and passed to other places.
It is a Spanish patronymic surname that means 'son of a Basque'; refers to the name of people from the Basque Country.
It derives from the name 'Lope', which is usually related to the Latin term 'lupus' which means 'wolf'. It can also mean 'son of Lope'.
Originally from Vizcaya, in Basque it means 'grassland or cereal field'.
Its meaning is 'rock or stone' and it was used by individuals who lived near a paved land.
Emerging from the name 'Hernando', it is related to 'Firthunands', a Germanic name meaning 'bold peacemaker'.
It has Spanish origin since it comes from the city of Ames in La Coruña and it spread to America during the last decades of the colony.
It comes from the Latin word 'crux', it began as a proper name and referred to the death of Jesus Christ, later it was adopted as a patronymic surname.
It was derived from the name 'Sancho', which was widely spread among the Hispanic population during the Middle Ages, comes from the Roman god Sancus.
It is of Basque origin, it is made up of two words: 'Etxe' which means 'house' and 'Barri or Berri' whose meaning is 'new'. It is a variation of Echeverría.
It was formed from the Latin proper name 'Vitalis', which means 'full of life'.
Surname derived from the Roman god of war, Mars. Therefore, it means 'consecrated to war' or 'consecrated to the God Mars'.
Basque surname meaning 'next to the church'.
It comes from the Latin 'campus' which refers to a large piece of land that is outside the city. It is a geographical surname, to refer to those who lived on this site.
It comes from the Latin 'castrum' and that is how the forts and cities that were protected by walls were known and it was adopted by its inhabitants as a toponymic surname.
It is derived from the masculine name 'Rodrigo' which translates as 'he who is reputed to be powerful' or 'he who is rich in glory'.
This Spanish surname is considered toponymic, used to refer to people who lived near a natural or artificial water source.
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It is a noble surname of Gipuzkoan and Navarrese origin. It derives from the Basque word 'garat' which means 'high step'.
It emerged as an occupational surname as it referred to people who worked with metals. It comes from the Latin word 'ferrum' which means 'iron'.
Its origin comes from the common name that was formerly given to Kermes oak, a shrub that is characterized by maintaining the green color of its leaves throughout the year.
Surname that comes from the Latin 'maurus' which translates as 'coming from Mauritania' and as 'dark-skinned or Moorish'.
The origin of the surname is found in the La Rioja toponym of the town of Herce and has several meanings: 'Communal land', 'shore', 'border' or 'corner'.
It originated from the proper name 'Nuno or Nuño' together with the Hispanic suffix -ez meaning 'son of'. This surname is a variant of 'Nonius' which refers to the ninth son.
It comes from the Latin proper name 'Munio' which means 'fortify or create walls'. Together with the Hispanic suffix -oz it means 'son of Munio'.
It is of Germanic origin, which was introduced in the Spanish peninsula with Carlos I and Carlos V of Europe. It means 'rich, helmet or protector'.
Very common surname among the Spanish, it was derived from the Latin term 'ecclesia'.
It comes from one of the Hispanic forms that took the name 'Walter' and which means 'chief of the army' or 'powerful warrior'.
It is the patronymic form that the name 'Ortún or Fortún' adopted, it is one of the Hispanic variations of the masculine given name 'Fortunio' which in Latin means 'the lucky one'.
It is a surname of Galician origin. It comes from the word 'moscón' which means 'strong or large person'.
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It has a French origin 'Solier' which means 'one who lives in a house with a flat'.
It refers to a place on the banks of a river that has a small forest around it or abundant vegetation in the neighboring area.
It is a Galician surname very widespread throughout the Iberian Peninsula, it is derived from a place close to a lake, but it is also believed that it comes from the term 'Lacos', which over time would become 'Lake'.
It originated from the Cantabrian term 'varga' which means 'cabin or slope'.
It is a variant of a Basque surname that derives from two words: 'Haritz', which means 'oak', and 'mendi' which means 'mountain'.
It has its root in the Latin word 'rubeus', a term that was used to refer to a person with light hair.
It is a toponymic surname related to the gentile of the people of the province of Navarra. Its meaning is 'forest' or 'plain surrounded by mountains'.
It is an old surname, derives from the Basque language and means 'red river'.
It described a personal characteristic, it refers to a violent or cruel person, then the definition of brave was taken.
It comes from the Latin 'turris', it emerged as a surname to indicate that a person came from a place where there were towers.
Its origin may come from the term 'barquinero' which means 'large bellows used by blacksmiths'.
It comes from the Latin 'farnna' which refers to the powder obtained from grinding certain cereals.
It comes from the Latin word 'aguilare' and means 'site of the eagle' or 'place where eagles live'.
It is a surname from the Canary Islands, it comes from the Basque 'Karrantza' and is considered a very old surname.
It is a variation of the name of a very common shrub in Galicia, called 'Queiruga', which is usually found in lowland and in pine forest areas.
It is derived from the proper name 'Benito' which in turn comes from 'Benedictus', which means 'the one who speaks well'.
It comes from the Latin word 'canus' which indicated the color of hair that has gray hair. It is also synonymous with mature or old.
Its name is believed to have come from the Ulla river that flows at the foot of a hill where several people lived.
It is a patronymic surname that comes from the masculine name 'Domingo', very popular in the Middle Ages due to the influence of Catholicism. It comes from the Latin term 'dominicus' which means 'of the Lord' or 'used for Sunday'.
It is of Basque origin and refers to a pasture, dehesa or prairie.
It is a patronymic surname of the name 'Paio', which is an abbreviated form of 'Pelaio or Pelayo', when accompanied by the suffix -ez, it means 'son of Pelayo'.
This is how people from the Basque Country were known and it refers to their gentile. By adding the ending -ez, it becomes, 'son of Basque'.
Its origin is Basque-Navarre and it means 'place of the ash trees'.
Surname given to people who had curly or wavy hair.
It is derived from the Basque 'Mendotza', which translates as 'cold mountain or cold mountain'.
It comes from the diminutive of 'Egidio' which is the Latin form of 'Aegidius' which means 'the protected or chosen one'.
It is of Alava origin and comes from the Basque word 'montoia' which means 'pasture site' or 'rush pasture'.
It comes from the masculine name 'Ramiro' and when joined to the suffix -ez it means 'son of Ramiro'. Others say that it is an adaptation of the medieval names Ranamers and translates as 'brilliant warrior'.
It is a Basque surname that comes from the term 'Otxoa or Otsoa' which means 'wolf'.
It is another version of the names Diego and Diago.
It comes from the Basque word 'zelaia' which translates as 'field or meadow'.
It is considered a toponymic surname that derives from the word 'serra' which translates as 'mountain range or mountain range'.
It is a surname that comes from 'Vizcaya' and refers to places where birches abound.
It is a nickname that was given to people whose skin color, hair or beard were white, in addition, it can refer to snow.
It is a Spanish surname that is made up of 'Val' which means 'valley', 'do' which translates as 'del' and 'vinos', together it means 'valley of wines'.
Variant of 'Urquiza' with a similar meaning.
It originated as a nickname applied to travelers from the Western or Roman Empire who had to pass through the Eastern or Byzantine Empire on their way to the Holy Land.
It is based on the Nordic name 'Álvaro' which together with the ending -ez means 'son of Álvaro'.
It was derived from the Christian holiday known as All Saints' Day.
It comes from the Latin 'securus', which was assigned to a child as an omen of survival. In the same way, it can be considered a toponymic of Segura, which is the name of a town and a river.
It comes from the proper name 'Alfonso', it is derived from the Gothic 'Altfuns', which means 'always prepared for combat'.
Coming from the nickname itself that means 'cheerful, gallant, airy'.
He is the patronymic of the name 'Diago', which comes from 'Ya'akov' which translates as 'held by the heel'.
Its origin is Basque, it derives from 'sagar' which means 'apple or apple tree'.
Denotes the name of a person who lives in Galicia.
It comes from the name 'Suaro' which can mean 'shoemaker, seamstress' or 'army of the south or of the sun'.
It is a surname that has been evolving, it is believed that it came from the Hebrew name 'Simón'. Others say that it is a variant of the Latin name 'Maximino' which was derived in 'Ximeno' and later 'Jimeno'.
It is applied to call the inhabitants born in the ancient kingdom of León.
It comes from the word 'castellum' which means 'castle'. Very popular with the Romans and they are given to local lords or those who lived near that place.
It comes from the name of 'Pedro', which in turn is derived from 'Petros' which means 'stone'.
It is the patronymic of the name 'Marcos or Marco' and means 'consecrated to Mars'.
It derives from the French 'curteis' which refers to a person with good manners, it is also believed to refer to a member of the nobility or the court.
It is one of the most common Spanish surnames and comes from the masculine name 'Gonzalo' which translates as 'willing to fight' or 'ready for battle'.
Surname of Iberian origin that derives from the Latin name 'Florus' with the same meaning, it can also come from the German name 'Fruela or Froyla' which translates as 'Lord of these lands'.
It is a form of nickname that was given to people with dark skin.
It is another patronymic surname that originated from the name Martin which comes from the Latin 'Martinus' which translates 'of war'.
It may come from the name 'Mendo' which means 'mountain or mount', likewise it originates from the diminutive of 'Hermenegildo' which means 'immense sacrifice'.
It is a surname of Arabic origin that comes from the homonymous word and means 'city'.
It comes from the proper name 'Rodrigo' which is a Hispanic variant of 'Hrodric' which means 'mighty because of his fame' or 'rich in glory'.
It has its root in the Latin word 'ramus' which refers to the secondary stems of plants with flowers and leaves, as well as ornamental arrangements. This surname was given to children born on Palm Sunday.
Version of the name 'Sancho' which, in turn, refers to the Roman God 'Sancus', defender of loyalty.
Surname that denotes the work of a miller or that person who lived near a mill.
It comes from the Basque language and has the same meaning as Echeverri, since it is a variant of it.
It is derived from the Latin 'calvus' which means 'without hair'.
Surname that derives from the Latin word 'capraria' and means 'place of goats' or goatherd.
This surname comes from 'vaica', an old Spanish word that became 'vega' and means 'low, flat and fertile land'.
It was given to members who belonged to cavalries, later it was synonymous with hidalgo until it became a word that denotes a man of good education.
Surname given to the Spanish knights of the order of Santana who were devoted to the Virgin Mary.
Nickname given to people who worked for kings or in royal houses. It also denotes those born on the day of the Three Kings.