Education, study and knowledge

7 characteristics of HUMANISM in philosophy

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Humanism: main characteristics

In this lesson from a TEACHER we explain what the Humanism and we will tell you about its main characteristics. This movement takes place in Europe between the fourteenth and sixteenth centuries, and contrary to medieval tradition, places the human being at the center of the universe (anthropocentrism). Thus, he happens to occupy a privileged position, substituting for God.

The center of interest of philosophy will now be the human being and everything that surrounds you. The reason It will be the guide, instead of faith, and the development of human potentialities is promoted through the sciences and the arts. If you want to know more about the characteristics of Humanism, keep reading this article from a TEACHER.

The Humanism It is a movement that was born in Italy in the fourteenth century, and rapidly developed throughout Europe. It constitutes a set of doctrines, with the same center of interest: the human being and the society in which he operates. Thus, anticipate the Renaissance and it is responsible for a good part of the changes produced in the continent during the 16th century, and which affect the whole of society, the economy, politics, etc. This series of

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transformations lays the foundation for the emergence of a new society.

In the 16th century, the Scientific and technological revolution. The theories of Copernicus, Galileo and Kepler, will change the way of thinking and understanding the world. The human being happens to occupy the place of God in the center of the universe, and this will be precisely the center of the universe. philosophical interest. Reason replaces faith, the future begins to look optimistic. Thanks to the power of reason, the development of the human being and of society, will be unstoppable.

The ideas of the humanists, among which stand out, Giovanni Pico della Mirandola, Erasmus of Rotterdam, Michel de Montaigne, Tomás Moro, or the Spaniard, Juan Luís Vives, spread throughout Europe, in part, thanks to the printing. But access to the education of a sector of the population that had previously banned it, it was so decisive in the expansion process.

This doctrine is committed to a return to classics of Greece and Rome. The ancient philosophy had all the answers and the medieval thought he had ignored them. This return to classicism affects society and the whole of society. culture.

Reale, G and Antirseri, D. History of philosophy II. From Humanism to Kant. Ed. Herder. 2010

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