9 characteristics of LENINISM
May 03, 2022
The communism It has been one of the most important doctrines during the 20th century. It was the center of many of the greatest existing powers, but we must understand that the same branch has not existed in all places, varying depending on time and place. To talk about one of the most important and well-known variations of communism, in this lesson from a Teacher we offer you a Summary of Leninism and salient features.
The Leninism is the economic, political and social doctrine created by the Soviet leader Vladimir Lenin at the beginning of the 20th century. Leninism is not its own doctrine arising from Lenin, but rather an adaptation of the karl marx thoughts, but modifying certain aspects so that it would work in a new state as special as the USSR.
The ideas main figures of Leninism were:
- the class struggle
- The total criticism against capitalism
- The need for communism
All of them were ideas of Marx that Lenin considered as necessary for the proper functioning of the state. But Lenin considered that the ideas of Marx were no longer entirely valid, since since the author wrote his works the world had undergone great changes and therefore he had to change them.
At the beginning of the 20th century, the situation in Russia was very close to chaos, with the upper classes taking advantage of the industry and a working class that suffered long working hours and had few rights. Besides, the working class and peasant Russian was much more numerous than the upper classes, since the capital used for industry had come from abroad, so the Russians did not have a powerful bourgeoisie that could influence the workers.
The crisis situation, together with the terrible management of the Russian tsars, led to the start of a workers revolution to change the country, being one of the revolutionary leaders Vladimir Lenin. At the beginning of this revolution took place the April Thesis, in which Lenin fixed the main concepts of the revolution, giving rise to many of the main ideas of Leninism. It was these ideas of Leninism that marked the revolution, and therefore they ended the rule of the tsars.
With the coming to power of the working class, Lenin's ideas were taking shape in the management of the new state that was the USSR, establishing important elements such as:
- The socialist mode of production
- war communism
- The laws on the control of the land
These ideas and elements of Lenin formed the so-called Leninism, being the doctrine that would be maintained in the USSR until the coming to power of Stalin, who would change some elements of Leninism.
To continue with this lesson, we need to talk about the characteristics of leninism. Thus, we will know the main elements that define Leninism with respect to other ideologies and that help us to understand how important it was.
The main features of Leninism are the following:
- Is a variation of marxism designed for the USSR, modifying certain elements to serve a specific context such as the USSR.
- Leninism considers that it is important that politics be centralized in a single match, since one is needed to govern and it is important that there is only one so that no one can destroy communism. All workers must participate in this party for socialism to work.
- Leninism considers that the war communism, fighting for capitalism to disappear, since he understands that communism and capitalism cannot exist together.
- Lenin considers that the capitalism is an economic system that only creates inequalityTherefore, he wants to destroy it, bringing Leninism a new form of existence that he considers better.
- He seeks that companies are from the state to destroy competition between Russian companies and thereby achieve a fairer and more equitable system.
- The idea is that the USSR should not buy anything from abroad, since Lenin considers that a nation should be able to supply itself with what it produces.
- Leninism considers that the population must be cultured, teaching them the class struggle and criticizing religion, which he considers a means of the bourgeoisie to oppress the workers.
- Lenin considers that There should be no social classes since society must be totally egalitarian in every way. That is why all the people of the USSR could be part of the centralized party.
- leninism defended nationalism since he considered that the Russians should feel proud and defend their homeland, being the way of not being taken by other capitalist states.