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Most outstanding contemporary PHILOSOPHERS

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Most outstanding contemporary philosophers

This lesson from a TEACHER is dedicated to leading contemporary philosophers, among which stand Maria Montessori, Rosa Luxemburg, Maria Zambrano, Ayn Rand, Hannah Arendt, Simone de Beauvoir, Iris Murdoch, Celia Amorós, Amelia Valcárcel, Chantal Maillard, Alicia Puleo or Angela Davis. All of them women ahead of their time and who dedicated their lives to defending women's rights.

For reasons of space, we will only limit ourselves to explaining the thinking of some of them, if Well, many others have contributed to generating a generation of thoughtful and highly thoughtful women. transcendence. If you want to know more about the leading contemporary philosophers, keep reading this lesson post from a TEACHER.

You may also like: Contemporary Philosophy: Most Important Authors

Index

  1. Rosa Luxemburg
  2. Maria Montessori
  3. Maria Zambrano
  4. Ayn rand

Rosa Luxemburg.

In the past, only men could be active members of society, women being relegated to reproductive tasks. These contemporary thinkers, with their work, record the enormous work that others, before them, achieved, laying the foundations, from

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Hyparchy of Maronea to Mary Wollstonecraft, of: feminism modern. Here we are going to talk about one of the most outstanding contemporary philosophers: Rose of Luxembourg.

Part of thedialectic of spontaneity and organization to generate an original and revolutionary thought to address the question of the class struggle in a totally radical way. Only from this spontaneous point of view is it possible for the working class to end its situation of submission to the capitalist, focusing its attention on the proletarian woman, that, unlike the bourgeois woman, has to fight for her rights.

The working class of each country only learns to fight in the course of its struggles (...) social democracy (...) is only the outpost of the proletariat, a small piece of the total mass worker; blood of his blood, flesh of his flesh. The Social Democracy seeks and finds the ways, the specific slogans, of the workers' struggle only in the course of the development of this struggle, and acquires the certainty of the right path only through this struggle".

The philosopher affirms that Russian Revolution of February 1917 It was a proletarian revolution, and quite a demonstration of the strength of the working class, and although, she assures that there were many errors, she also affirms that the Bolsheviks were the only revolutionaries until now.

Most Outstanding Contemporary Philosophers - Rosa Luxemburg

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Maria Montessori.

She was an Italian physician and educator who rose to fame for the philosophy of education and his pedagogical work. As a young man, she studies at a technical school for men, in order to study engineering, but later she decided to study medicine at the University of Rome La Sapienza. Her educational method is today known and used in much of the world.

The main principles of Montessori method are the following: discovery learning, preparation of the educational environment, use of specific materials, personal choice of the world, classrooms for age groups, collaborative learning, collaborative play, non-stop classes, guide teacher.

Never help a child in a task in which he can succeed "..." Help me to do it myself "..." Any unnecessary help is an obstacle for a child "... These are some of the famous quotes from her.

Most Outstanding Contemporary Philosophers - María Montessori

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Maria Zambrano.

Zambrano is another of the most prominent contemporary philosophers. Malagueña and cat, María Zambrano is the most renowned Spanish philosopher her all over the world, although in our country she was not recognized until the end of the 20th century, after a long life in exile, when she received the Prince of Asturias Awards in the year 1981, and Cervantes Prize in 1988.

There are two central themes in Zambrano's philosophy: creation of the human being as a fundamental problem Y tragic and poetic reason, as a means for such creation. What the philosopher intends is:

humanize history and even personal life; to achieve that reason becomes an adequate instrument for the knowledge of reality, above all of that immediate reality that for man is himself”.

That is, to assume the freedom of the human being, from the conscience and the temporality of the person.

Most outstanding contemporary philosophers - María Zambrano

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Ayn Rand.

This intellectual develops a philosophical system, the "objectivismor", Which consists fundamentally in a defense of the eRational goism, individualism and capitalism, since he is the only one capable of providing human beings with a dignified life, that is, giving them the Liberty to think for yourself. Therefore, they condemn socialism, altruism and religion, since it affirms that each person has to have his own beginning, based on the reason, without the need to give his life for others or force others to do so.

Everyone has the right to choose how they want to live their life and no one can impose their will on others. Likewise, everyone is free to choose the media necessary to achieve your objectives, Yes OK, not can exercise the violence to get it

There is only one fundamental right (all the others are its consequences or corollaries): the right of man to his own life. Life is a process of self-sustaining and self-generated action; the right to life means the right to engage in self-support and self-generated action, which means that freedom consists of execute all the actions required by the nature of a rational being for the sustenance, the promotion, the satisfaction and the enjoyment of his own lifetime.”

Leading Contemporary Philosophers - Ayn Rand

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Bibliography

  • Luxemburo, R. Reform or Revolution. Nordic Ed. 2019
  • Zambrano, M. The man and the Divino. Ed. Galaxia Gutenberg-Circle of readers, Barcelona, ​​2011
  • Rand, A. The RAtlas ebellion. Ed. Grito Sagrado Editorial, 2012
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