The 20 types of Pedagogy (and how they help us educate)
Jul 15, 2021
Education is a dynamic process that needs the help of a multidisciplinary team in order to be carried out successfully, since it does not It is only the best tool to acquire knowledge, but it is the greatest gift for a person to emerge in the world with a future successful.
Therefore, there are professionals in the field of education who dedicate a great effort to improve their educational aptitudes and abilities in order to provide the most ideal strategies to increase the learning.
Surely you have heard about pedagogues, these important figures in the field of education who dedicate their professional lives to study, find and promote better teaching-learning tools so that the knowledge that people acquire is more than optimal and functional.
- It may interest you: "The 17 types of education that exist (and characteristics)"
But, did you know that there are different types of pedagogy? Each of them taking care of different problems of education. Do you want to find out what they are? Then We will tell you everything about these types of pedagogy and their fields of action.
What is pedagogy?
Pedagogy is part of the social sciences, whose study and performance focuses on teaching and learning methods that are used to educate people in a society. Which are based on certain objectives to meet according to the age stage of the person (starting in the preschool stage until education higher), but whose education process becomes standardized, so that it can benefit all the ways in which people acquire the knowledge.
It is known that not all of us learn in the same way, there are some children who have some difficulties with a chair or who do better with a particular strategy. It is the job of pedagogues to develop an education plan that meets these needs.
So you can see that it is not an easy task, since each person has their individual learning method, although it is possible to create tactics that manage to include teaching from various dynamic strategies so that it reaches a wider audience general.
Types of pedagogy and how they help us educate
To find out how pedagogy can act in various fields other than education, it is time to know the types of pedagogy that exist and how they provide theoretical and practical data to improve learning processes.
1. Descriptive pedagogy
This branch of pedagogy aims to create and apply novel theories that allow understanding the different dynamics of study in people, leaving aside the previous regulations of what education is or what should not be used in her.
This is a great inclusive alternative to all types of learning strategies, so that children and young people may have better opportunities to take advantage of learning according to their process own self.
2. Normative pedagogy
Here, the pedagogy focuses on the theorization and philosophy of these new previous applications mentioned, so that they are registered for their application and future novel studies. Including the objectives that should be pursued, identify the best usable situations for learning and define the concepts used in it.
3. Psychological pedagogy
Also known as ‘psychopedagogy’, it is based on the study of student behaviors during the teaching-learning process, in a way that that they can discover when there is a problem of a behavioral, interpersonal, cognitive or emotional type that is affecting the performance of students themselves. To do this, they are based on a series of attitudes that are presented as ideal for better obtaining knowledge.
4. Children pedagogy
As its name suggests, it is in charge of studying educational processes during the childhood stage, which is the most important since the bases of the personal belief system are established. This discipline bases its proposals on the ability of children to learn after experimenting in their environment and by This requires creating programs specially designed for the unique way in which children obtain their knowledge.
5. Therapeutic pedagogy
This area of pedagogy is in charge of detecting and addressing the particular teaching and learning conflicts that the subject may present. students, in order to create a study plan that suits their needs and thus find an ideal rhythm to keep up to date academically. In general, they are children and young people who have ordinary educational problems or with special educational support.
You can also refer one of these people to specialists in other areas of care if necessary, for example, if they have some type of organic or neurodevelopmental problem.
6. Special pedagogy
Unlike the previous area, this one focuses almost exclusively on attending to the educational needs of people with some type of disability. Whether it is motor problems, cognitive compromises or mental disorders, so that they can obtain a basic and functional education to be able to adapt to their environment and have future development opportunities integral.
7. Occupational pedagogy
In this area the focus of the design of educational programs and academic opportunities is created for the people who need to obtain professional occupational training that guarantees them an economic future stable. So it is applied for people of any age and generally, for adults who want to learn a skill that allows them to earn their livelihood.
8. Social pedagogy
This pedagogy focuses on social conflicts that affect the quality of study in people, both in the plans of educational action, as in sociocultural events that affect people's behavior and affect their learning. For example, countries where they are constantly in conflict, that do not have the financial resources to attend schools, schools with few academic resources, etc.
9. Experimental pedagogy
This pedagogy focuses on improving teaching and learning processes in adults and in children. older adults, in order that they can obtain the possibility of acquiring a good training if so wish. Either to dedicate themselves to it for the rest of their lives or to keep their minds energetic and active, thus preventing the appearance of degenerative diseases and emotional decays (as is the case of older adults).
10. Critical pedagogy
As its name implies, it is the type of pedagogy that is responsible for making criticisms and opposing opinions traditional teaching methods, which are still in force today in various parts of the world. world. This is done under the premise of determining and highlighting the failures of the rigid system and the voids that can be filled with the application of new teaching methodologies, with the sole intention of improving opportunities and academic inclusion to all types of teaching processes learning.
11. Sports pedagogy
This has its field of action in sports, so the pedagogue is not only considered as an educator but also as a coach, who should be concerned in obtain the most complete and functional tools so that the young person can take advantage of the sporting discipline to the maximum, thus increasing their performance and standing out in the same.
It also focuses on receiving a complete comprehensive education, so the young person is not only formed in their sports career, but acquires an ideal and necessary academic training that will help you in your future.
12. Family pedagogy
Not all children and young people receive education in schools or specialized academic institutions, but they can also be trained in their homes either under the evaluation of a tutor or receiving classes from their parents (if they have some type of academic training professional). Family pedagogy is then in charge of providing families who practice home education, plans of personalized studies that are adapted to the needs of your children and can feel this as a school experience complete.
13. Pedagogy in formal contexts
This area of pedagogy is in charge of carrying out their studies and action plans in formal institutions where they are requested your attention, such as schools, middle schools, high schools, universities or academic centers specialized. In order to obtain personalized work for school groups, as well as greater parental and teacher involvement to increase student performance.
14. Comparative pedagogy
This pedagogy has the great advantage of being a pillar for the structural and beneficial change of the educational methodology of a nation or a society, at the same time. to compare the teaching-learning methods that the culture has with respect to another (for example, the education of more developed countries with those of the third world). Thus they can find viable measures and alternatives that they can adapt with their own resources to increase and reinforce the educational level of the system.
15. Intercultural pedagogy
This branch of pedagogy tries to encourage people to talk and have more openness about issues of intercultural origin, where they are taught the influences of different cultures on education and how to achieve understanding in a universal educational language, learning one of others. Based on respect for diversity, eradicate conflicts due to cultural differences and promote a better channel of communication between different people.
16. Playful pedagogy
In the childhood stage, play is very important for the integral development of children, since it is their first educational channel, in which they can learning from the world around him, as well as object recognition, interactions and interpersonal relationships and bases for the following of norms and I respect.
For this reason, this pedagogy creates study strategies based on the psychomotor stimulation that children receive from the game (especially during the stage preschool) and highlight the importance of creating a space for educational play, which acquires more complexity and abstraction as the child goes growing.
17. clinical pedagogy
This area is responsible not only for providing personalized teaching tools for children with some type of major learning problem (usually a developmental disorder neurological), but is in charge of giving the family social adaptation programs so that they can function adequately in the classroom, as well as overcome their own difficulties.
18. Philosophical pedagogy
Its objective is to study and analyze the structures that make up the educational process in general, as well as the methods used, the objectives set and the values they promote. Its purpose is to create an objectivity to the field of pedagogy in order to obtain a complete and reliable base.
19. Political pedagogy
It is responsible for studying the relationships and interaction of people with others in their environment, observing the form of social adaptation that is generally managed in a place and the establishment of values in the society. So that they can evaluate the quality of education within that society and make pertinent changes if necessary for better educational development.
20. Technological pedagogy
This is a somewhat novel and very useful field, as well as significant for current and future education. It is about studying both the benefits and the obstacles generated by new technologies in the academic field, so that the advantages of it can be taken advantage of to increase learning and offer a new and attractive experience for youths.
In the same way, it seeks to teach both students and parents and teachers to take advantage of new technologies to expand academic knowledge, through digital teaching-learning tools, training courses and activities playful.
Ultimately, pedagogy is that fundamental tool without which education cannot evolve.