5 characteristics of the liquid state of matter and examples
May 26, 2023
The characteristics of the liquid state of matter They are volume, fluidity, viscosity, surface tensions, and densities. In a Teacher we tell you!
In order to understand the characteristics of the liquid state, we are going to begin by explaining what matter is, matter is everything that has mass and occupies a place in space and is in charge of forming a body, that body presents its own and defined limits, perceptible by the senses, whether they have life or not. For example, a dog and a bed are two different bodies. Materials are the types of matter that make up a body. For example, metal, water, glass, and cloth are different types of materials.
Matter is classified according to its state of aggregation into solid, liquid and gaseous. In this case we will tell you what are the characteristics of the liquid state of matter with examples.
The States of the material they differ in the organization of their component particles and this depends on the kinetic energy and the distance between the particles. The
For example, When water is placed on a heat source such as fire, it transforms into steam, that is, it goes from a liquid state to a gaseous state by adding energy. Another example is, if water is placed in a freezer, it turns into ice, which would be in other words solid water, that is, it passes from a liquid state to a solid state by elimination of energy.
the liquid state is a state where the organization of its particles is a intermediate between solid and gaseous state. It is characterized because its particles are close, but have some freedom of movement, but more disordered, unlike in the gaseous state, the movement is much more restricted contrary to what happens in the solid state, that the particles are very close and have almost no movement.
There are many liquids in the world, from edible liquids, to industrial liquids and chemicals. Some liquid state examples are:
- Water: it is the universal solvent, its chemical composition is H20. Did you know that the human body is approximately 60% water?
- Mercury: It is the only metal that is preserved in a liquid state at room temperature along with bromine, in turn mercury, is the densest liquid in the world.
- Urine: It is composed mainly of water, electrolytes and nitrogenous waste from metabolism. It is an important route of excretion of substances that must be eliminated from the body.
- OilIt is a fatty liquid of animal, vegetable or mineral origin, insoluble in water.
- Milk: It is a biological fluid that is secreted by the mammary glands of mammals and that provides essential nutrients and is a relevant source of food energy.
- Sap: is the liquid that circulates through the vessels of plants, which is composed of nutrients and water.
- Honey: It is a fluid and viscous, sweet liquid produced by bees.